EGYPT the land of the Pharaohs & home for great ancient civilization. Egypt is Tutankhamun, the young boy who became a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, and whose solid gold death mask is one of the most famous ancient artifacts ever found or Nefertiti, the wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten, who is believed to have ruled in her own right and whose beauty is the stuff of legend. Both have given unparalleled romance to the country’s history. Egypt ranked 29th as the biggest country in the world, covering a total area of 1,002,450 sq. km. Egypt located in the northeast corner of the African continent.
From the famous pyramids that rise from ancient sands and bustling medieval bazaars full of colors, to the endless desert dotted with oases of palm trees, busy cities and modern coastal holiday resorts offering some of the best diving in the world, Egypt is alive museum and a land packed with amazing sights to do.
Egypt is a Republic, the political system of which is democratic based on citizenship and relying on each of the legislative, executive and judicial branches, additionally to the press, political parties, local administrations and civil society institutions.
Islam is the official religion of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Most non-Muslims in Egypt are Christians, the majority of whom belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Egypt is divided into 26 independent administrative units (governorates) enjoying juridical personality each consisting of a number of towns, cities and villages, additionally to the city of Luxor that holds a distinct character.
The Main Airports:
Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Hurghada, and Sharm El-Sheikh.
- The Nile Valley & Delta: This region extends on both sides of the Nile from the southern limit of the River Nile which is regarded as the longest river in the world and it enters Egypt from the Sudan and flows north for about 1,545 km (960 miles) going through Aswan, Luxor, El Minya to reach Cairo, then ramifying to the north and encompassing the destinations of Damietta and Rosetta until it exits into the Mediterranean Sea. These ramifications, Northern of Cairo form the Nile Delta, Egypt’s most fertile agricultural land.
- Sinai Peninsula: a triangular shaped plateau linking Africa with Asia to Egypt’s mainland, at the Gulf of Suez. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Red Sea to the south also encompassing St. Catherine, the highest mountain in Egypt rising about 2640 m above sea level. Bordered by the Gulf of Aqaba to the east. Its greatest dimensions are about 130 miles (210 km) from east to west and about 240 miles (385 km) from north to south.
- The Eastern Desert: this region lies between the Nile Valley to the west, the Red Sea and Gulf of Suez to the east, Lake Manzala to the north and the Sudanese border to the south. This arid region embraces the Red Sea Mountains chain, reaching an altitude of over 900 meters above sea level at some points. The region is Egypt’s richest in natural resources. Its underground treasures include gems, coal and oil.
- The Western Desert: Extending from the Nile Valley in the east to the Egypt-Libyan border in the west and from the Mediterranean coast in the north to the southern Egyptian border, it is one of Egypt’s most arid regions. Sparsely inhabited yet charming oases – Siwa, Bahariya, Farafra, Kharga and Dakhla – dot this region that covers 2/3 of the country’s total land area.
The estimated total population of Egypt is about 90 million, according to the 2014 population census. Most of the Egyptian population is concentrated near the River Nile, in cities and towns such as Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Port Said. Smaller settlements include the Western Desert oases, and main destinations of the Sinai Peninsula.
Egypt’s official language is Arabic, but foreign languages, such as English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish are widely spoken, especially in educated circles.
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